The country has been rocked by an uprising groups linked to Al-Qaeda and the so-called Islamic State group, plunging the country into crisis since 2012.
The government announced the deaths on Monday after social media reports talked of houses and huts being burnt and of abductions.
The killings took place in Diallassagou and two surrounding villages, Diaweli and Dessagou, in central Mali.
Suspected jihadists massacred more than 130 civilians over the weekend in neighbouring central Mali towns, the latest mass killings in the troubled Sahel region.
Violence that began in the north has since spread to the centre and to neighbouring Burkina Faso and Niger.
An armed group assaulted at least three villages in the rural commune of Bankass, in Mali’s central Mopti region, on the night between Saturday and Sunday, the government said in a statement on Monday.
More than 100 civilians have been killed in attacks by suspected armed rebels in central Mali, locals had fled their villages as the death toll was still being counted.